Cloke was a premiership player at Collingwood, earning All-Australian selection twice and kicking 452 goals over his 256 game career.
He has been coaching since his retirement in 2017, having started as a VFL/next generation academy development coach at the Pies before taking on the head coach position at NAB League side Eastern Ranges.
Head of Essendon VFLW, Georgia Harvey, stated that the club was excited to welcome Cloke into the fold.
"We are thrilled to have Travis on board as our VFLW senior coach," Harvey said.
"He brings a wealth of experience as a player and as a coach, leading both female and male programs at the Eastern Ranges in the NAB League, demonstrating his ability to bring the best out of his players.
"We look forward to welcoming Travis into the club and working towards our 2023 VFLW season."